Many of us may treat skincare routine as a luxury more than a necessity, but there are actually reliable evidence showing that basic skincare routines are necessary regardless of skin type, age or even sex.
Skin quality isn’t just about good genes, in fact, your lifestyle and mental health can be considered the final determines of your skin health. While the science behind skincare routines is quite simple you can still see a dazzling number of methods, products, therapies, and tricks. Since we lack science-backed evidence on whether these things actually make a difference or is it just for the sake of marketing, we’ll focus on developing a personalized and proven skincare routine.
Do I really need a skincare routine?
While many may consider skincare routines a luxurious and unnecessary activity which only makes you feel good about yourself on your vacation to Bali, there are actually proven benefits to skincare routines:
- Skin Health: As the skin is constantly being shredded, a good routine can help boost your skin health and prevent acne, wrinkles, and eczema
- Looking Youthful: Aging starts at 25 and the first signs of lines, wrinkles, and loss of elasticity start appearing and become noticeable as time goes by. A skincare routine makes sure these aging process slows down.
- Mental Health: You look beautiful, There’s no doubt about that. But our inner self is our number one critic especially when it comes to appearance. A healthy-looking skin not only boosts your confidence and daily productivity, but it also helps you stay mentally healthy because eventually, a healthy lifestyle contributes both to skin health and mental health.
Before we can start with a skincare routine, we must first determine our skin type to make sure we don’t damage and irritate our skin. There are four major types of skins that each one requires a specific type of attention while going through skincare routines.
Normal skin type tends to have a smooth texture with medium-sized pores. This type of skin has a good circulation and a healthy color. While oiliness is a normal attribute of skin, in a normal skin type, the oily areas tend to be in the t-zone area and the dryness appears around the cheeks.
Dry – Prone-to-Eczema
Dry skin type tends to be more prone to redness and eczema. This type of skin can be described as less sebum than normal skin which leads to a feeling of tightness after cleansing(Links to the Cleansing section of the article).
Oily – Prone-to-Acne
Oily skins are shinier and sebum than a normal skin type. This skin type has larger pores and is more prone to blackheads, blemishes, and acne.
This is a delicate skin type with fine pores and is prone to irritations, allergies and rashes.
How to determine your skin type
While you can determine your skin type without any tool, there are still tools like patch tests that can help you determine your skin type. If you want to find the answer on your own follow the instructions below:
- Dry: If your skin feels tights especially after cleansing, your skin is probably dry type
- Normal: If there’s a shine on the nose and forehead, you have a normal skin type
- Oily: if there are considerable shines on your cheeks, your forehead, and your nose then you probably have an oily skin type
- Sensitive: if you’re prone to burn and stinging, dry and flaky patches and you can easily get teary eyes and irritations with the smell of perfume, it’s probably a sensitive skin type
What about skin type testers?
While you can easily determine your skin type by yourself, there are still skin type testers in forms of strips that you can use to determine your skin type. With a little research, I found that USP Solutions and Monat produce these products which you can buy from here and here. “Skincare routine results can become tangible only through consistent use.”
Skin Care Steps
Skincare routines generally consist of three main steps along with a few extra steps to make sure you get the best out of your skincare routine.
- Cleansing: Consists of washing your face with water as the main ingredient along with face washing gels or soaps for better cleansing.
- Toning: The goal is to clean the skin from dead skin cells and shrinking the pores using a toner, washer, lotion, or serum.
- Moisturizing: The next step is to hydrate your revealed new skin with the right moisturizer suitable for your skin.
- What you need to have in mind is that no routine nor a product can give you overnight results. So you have to be consistent and patient. As Dr.Rachel Nazarian, a Manhattan dermatologist at Schweiger Dermatology Group Says: “Skincare routine results can become tangible only through consistent use.” She also adds:”You have to use a product over at least six weeks, once or twice a day to notice the results”.
- We’ve also made a list of dos and don’ts which can help you make sure you get the most out of your routine without damaging your skin cells at the end of this article.
It may seem simple but it’s crucial. “Our skin comes in contact with environmental pollutants, dirt, and other factors that should be gently removed,” says Dr. Carlos Charles. That’s why he suggests washing the face two times a day to avoid acne, dullness, and clogged pores.
But you have to find a suitable cleanser for your skin. Below we have the list of the recommended type of cleansers for each type of skin:
- Oily Skin Type: Foaming Liquid
- When the liquid is activated with water or pumped into your hand, this cleanser turns into a foam that breaks down dirt and extra sebum from your pores
- Dry Skin Type: Cream or Lotion
- These cleansers have glycerin or shea butter as emollient. This helps to wipe away impurities as well as hydrating your skin
- Sensitive Skin Type: Oil
- It may seem odd but oil actually can cleanse your skin. An oil like argan is non-comedogenic, lightweight, moisturizing, and well tolerated by your skin.
- One Cleanser To Rule Them All: Micellar Water
- No matter your skin type, this french soap-free option contains molecules that absorb dirt and oil without any dehydration. Micellar water is suitable for cleansing any skin type with no need to rinse it off or rub it in. You just have to simply swipe it on your skin.
When we talk about toner what comes to mind is an alcohol-based solution that dries up your skin and causes you rashes. Dr.Nazarian says: “The original toners were alcohol-based products used to dry up oily skin and remove any leftover dirt following cleansing,” But today’s formulas have evolved into supplements. These light liquids are actually a shot of nutrients which helps other products to absorb better and balance your skin. You can consider toners optional that can be a good way to add specific ingredients that otherwise don’t exist in your skincare routine. You can also make your home-made toner with the ingredients below:
- Rose Water and Gree
- Skincare routine, The Dos and Don’ts
- What age should I start my skincare routine?
- AM vs PM Skin Care Routine
- Skin Care for men?
- Best Skin Care Routine Products for Each Skin Type
- Organic Skin Care Routine
- What Does Non-Comedogenic Mean Exactly?